Brentford striker Scott Hogan could be rested for Saturday’s FA Cup tie with Eastleigh.Hogan has a gluteal muscle problem and has been to see a back specialist.Bees boss Dean Smith says Hogan is “50-50” for the game with Martin Allen’s National League side and won’t be risked unless he is fully fit.The 24-year-old has been the subject of rejected bids from both West Ham and Reading, while Watford have made an enquiry.However, Smith has insisted any decision to leave him out would be unrelated to the interest being shown in the player.Defender Andreas Bjelland is unlikely to feature because of an ankle injury.MORE: Hogan ‘a good prospect’, says West Ham bossSee also:Brentford reject West Ham bid for HoganHogan ‘a good prospect’ – Bilic Ads by Revcontent Trending Articles Urologists: Men, Forget the Blue Pill! This “Destroys” ED x ‘Genius Pill’ Used By Rich Americans Now Available In Netherlands! x Men, You Don’t Need the Blue Pill if You Do This x What She Did to Lose Weight Stuns Doctors: Do This Daily Before Bed! x One Cup of This (Before Bed) Burns Belly Fat Like Crazy! x Drink This Before Bed, Watch Your Body Fat Melt Like Crazy x Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
The skull and skeletal fragments of the juvenile male fossil Australopithecus sediba, a newly discovered species of hominid. Human evolutionary tree showing the position of Australopithecus sediba, by Peter Schmid of the University of Zurich. (Click on image to enlarge.) MEDIA CONTACTS • Professor Lee Berger +27 11 717 6604 +27 71 864 0860 Lee.Berger@wits.ac.za / firstname.lastname@example.org • Professor Paul Dirks +61 74781 5047 + 61 429 566120 email@example.com • Institute for Human Evolution + 27 11 717 6695 firstname.lastname@example.org RELATED ARTICLES • African human genomes decoded• SA unearths 18 new species• World Heritage in South AfricaLucille DavieAs I stare at the skeleton of this human ancestor in its glass case I find the idea difficult to grasp: this boy walked this very area of the earth almost 2-million years ago.An entirely new species of hominid, or ape-man, has been described following the discovery of two 1.9-million-year-old fossilised skeletons in the Cradle of Humankind near Johannesburg.• View and download high-resolution images of the discoveryNamed Australopithecus sediba, the creatures had long ape-like arms and short powerful hands, so they probably retained their ability to climb trees. But they also had a more advanced pelvis and long legs that would have allowed them to stride and possibly run like modern humans.The skeletons, of a boy between 11 and 13 years and an adult female in her late 20s or early 30s, were unearthed by a team from the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), led by professors Lee Berger and Paul Dirks. Berger is a palaeoanthropologist at Wits and Dirks a geologist based at the James Cooke University in Australia.Fragments of the boy’s skeleton were on display at the announcement of the find on 8 April at Maropeng, the visitors’ centre of the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site.Berger believes Australopithecus sediba is likely to be the transitional species between the southern African ape-man Australopithecus africanus, such as the Taung Child and Mrs Ples, and either Homo habilis or even a direct ancestor of Homo erectus – Turkana Boy, Java man and Peking man.The australopithecines are believed to be the ancestors of species in the genus Homo, which includes modern humans. The find, which Berger describes as the Rosetta Stone of human evolution, promises to turn the palaeontological world upside down. Homo habilis will have to be re-examined, and textbooks rewritten.“It is estimated that they were both about 1.27 metres, although the child would certainly have grown taller,” Berger said. “The female probably weighed about 33 kilograms and the child about 27 kilograms at the time of his death.“The brain size of the juvenile was between 420 and 450 cubic centimetres, which is small when compared to the human brain of about 1 200 to 1 600 cubic centimetres, but the shape of the brain seems to be more advanced than that of [other] australopithecines.”Australopithecus sediba‘s environment would have been a mix of open savannah grassland and forest.The fossils were deposited in a single debris flow and were found together in the remains of a deeply eroded cave system. It’s likely that they died at about the same time, and could have known each other, or even been related.Berger, whose 11-year-old son Matthew found the first fossil, expects many more fossils to be excavated from the site. With 130 bone fragments recovered, they are the most complete hominid skeletons ever found. And Berger is confident that the site will yield the missing pieces.Sediba is Sesotho for spring, fountain or wellspring, and the species so named because it is hoped that “a great source of information will spring from the fossils”.The find is the cover story of the prestigious journal Science, with two articles, written by Berger and Dirks, published on 9 April 2010.“I am having the adventure of my life,” Berger said.International team of scientistsBerger and Dirks have assembled a team of around a dozen international scientists to work on the find. In total, some 60 scientists from around the world have been involved in unravelling the discovery.The first step was a geological study, to help determine the age of the fossils. Other dating techniques included assessing the uranium lead components in the rock, establishing its magnetic polarity, which changes over time, and studying the site’s rate of erosion.Dirks studied the context of how the fossils landed in the cave, taking a series of sedimentary deposits and making a detailed description of different rocks up to two metres deep.“It is a hole in the ground – it must have been a cave,” he said.Investigation revealed that the fossils were deposited by a muddy flow of water, which probably carried the two bodies at the same time, because they were found together. Other fossils found were a 1.5-million-year-old sabre tooth cat, and 2.36-million-year-old wild cats and dogs.The erosion rate of the opening was measured, and it was established that it had been between 30 and 50 metres deep.“The animals probably smelled the water in the cave, and fell into the cave trying to get to it,” said Dirks. They would have died almost immediately, and their bodies carried down into a deeper chamber of the cave, joining others that suffered the same fate. This is supported by the fact that the fossils have no scavenger or insect damage.Excavations have not yet begun, says Dirks, only the surface has been cleared.Using Google Earth to find fossilsThis adventure began some 18 months ago, in early 2008, Berger said. He first charted the area on Google Earth, finding 600 new sites in the Cradle of Humankind, and then walked it with his dog, Tau.On the day the first fossil was found he and Matthew, then nine, were walking with post-doctoral student Job Kibbii and Tau. They walked to the edge of a pit, and Berger encouraged the others to look around.“Within one and a half minutes Matthew called out that he had found something,” said Berger. At first he thought it was a fragment of antelope, a common find. Then he recognised the fossil as the collar bone of a hominid.He soon found other fragments – a scapula or shoulder blade, normally never found because it is so fragile and erodes quickly – and arm bones, while two hominid teeth “fell into my hands”.Matthew said he has been on sites with his father more than 20 times, and intends to become a palaeoanthropologist too.Treasure chestProfessor emeritus Philip Tobias, present at the announcement, described the area as a “treasure chest”“I am thrilled that our expectations of the cradle area have so soon been realised,” he said. “This evidence a kilometre or two from Sterkfontein has yielded several hominid individuals and that is something to get very excited about.”Describing the find as “ä great joy”, Tobias said that the fact that two skeletons had been found means that it allows scientists to study a family or community which is much more valuable than studying individual fossils.Children in South Africa have been invited to come up with a name for the skeleton of the boy.The fossil will be on display at Maropeng until 18 April, and will then move to Cape Town for the launch of Palaeo-Sciences Week from 19 April. It will again be on display at the Origins Centre at Wits during May.
Despite the Odisha government’s order to waive all academic fees for physically challenged students, several government and government-aided higher secondary schools are collecting admission fee from them.As per an order of the Department of School and Mass Education of Odisha dated May 25, 2018, ‘all academic fees, except mess charges, will be waived in respect of students with disabilities of 40% or more’. But due to ignorance of authorities of some higher secondary schools, physically challenged students are being pressed to pay up admission fee during admission to +2 courses.Immediate declaration Retired principal of Red Cross School for the Blind in Berhampur, Nabin Chandra Satapathy, has brought this to the notice of the State Commissioner for Persons with Disbilities, Odisha. Mr. Satapathy, who is actively involved in issues related to bind students, demanded that the government make some immediate declaration so that higher secondary schools stop collecting admission fee from blind students during admissions.In his representation, Mr. Satapathy has cited example of three visually impaired students who have passed the tenth board examination from Red Cross School for the Blind, Berhampur, and have got admitted in different higher secondary schools of the State. Receipts of these students clearly state that admission fee was collected from them.This error has happened in top higher secondary institutions of the State like Ravenshaw Higher Secondary School, Cuttack, and Khallikote Higher Secondary School, Berhampur. “Dutikrushna Jena had to pay over ₹4000 to get admitted in +2 first year of arts course in Muniguda Junior College of Rayagada district. Similarly S.Nahak had to pay ₹961 for admission to higher secondary arts course of Ravenshaw Higher Secondary School, Cuttack. Prabhakar Sethi paid ₹1,062 for +2 arts admission in Khallikote Higher Secondary School, Berhampur,” said Mr. Satapathy.