The Cinematic Power of Hitchcock’s Dolly Zoom Technique

first_imgCover image via Vertigo.Looking for more filmmaking and video production tips and tricks? Check these out.7 Reasons Why You Need a Producer for Your DocumentaryPromotion Tips: How to Get Standout Press For Your FilmWhat Do Filmmakers Mean When They Refer to Composition?How to Shoot Your Aerial Footage: Drone vs HelicopterFilmmaking 101: Creating Tension and Suspense in a Sequence Technical DetailsThe Hitchcock Shot is simultaneously zooming in while dollying out — or the other way around, while focusing on a single point in space. Imagine you’re looking through an archway. The further from the archway you are, the less of the world beyond it you can see. If you were to look through a telescope, the archway would look closer in your eye, but you would still see the same amount of the world beyond it as before. However, if you physically move yourself towards the archway you are able to progressively see more of the outside world.Take note of the image above. The final position of both the zoom-out and dolly-out are the same. However, the zoom-in merely magnifies the images whereas the dolly-in creates perspective distortion, allowing us to see more of the world beyond the archway. We see this illustrated by the different number of pool chairs you can see between the two shots.The Hitchcock Shot opposes these two principles. If we make the archway our focus and dolly in as we zoom out we create an effect that leaves the archway the same size in the frame (the opposing techniques nullify the focal point’s visual movement), but the outside appears as if it’s moving closer because of the change in perspective, thus creating the visual illusion (look between the zoom-in and dolly-in images).To pull this effect off, you need a smooth dolly track (a slider can work, but it limits your range of movement as the slider is likely to appear in the shot) and a fast zoom lens (you don’t want the F-stop moving up or down as you zoom in or out). The zoom lens is best accompanied by servo zoom gear for precise and consistent control and a follow focus to keep your subject crisp and clear. Gear aside, it requires practicing your movement and timing.Power of the ShotWhen we dolly out and zoom in, we create the illusion that the world is closing in around us. You can use this for several kinds of visual metaphors, such as paranoia or impending danger (something unseen creeping up on the viewer or the subject in the frame).We see this effect put to good use in The Fellowship of the Ring.Once the hobbits get off the road, Frodo becomes uneasy as he senses something unnatural and horrifying approaching. He’s yet to hear of the Nazgûl or their purpose, but even before he can hear or see one, he can feel its hellish presence closing in. The Hitchcock shot here visually emphasizes this unnatural feeling by portraying it visually through the shot’s uncanny manipulation of space.When we dolly in and zoom out, we create the reverse effect: the world pushing away from us. Visually, this can illustrate feelings of isolation, or in the case of Steven Spielberg’s Poltergeist, the feeling that one’s destination or goal is perpetually out of reach.We are comfortable with zooming or dollying independently, as they mimic natural movements and changes of perspective. Combined, though, they create an unnatural manipulation of space, and that catches our attention. Even if the audience doesn’t recognize why the shot makes them feel uncomfortable, it naturally will.Of course, you can use the Hitchcock Shot for many other purposes. Check out this awesome compilation of dolly zooms over the years, starting with Hitchcock’s first use in Vertigo.You can pull this technique off on a low budget, but it can be quite tricky. At minimum, you need at least a decent zoom lens and some stable gear to move the camera. You can even pull off a simple version of it with your smartphone, but it won’t really be Hollywood quality.Practice the technique, and see if you can incorporate it into your next project to emphasize the character’s sense of paranoia or isolation — or any other emotion you think you can use it to convey. The beauty of Hitchcock’s Dolly Zoom is that it will definitely catch your audience’s eye.And if capturing the illusion in-camera simply isn’t an option, here’s how to pull off the trick in post-production: The Hitchcock shot is a tricky maneuver, but its results are powerful. So what are the secrets behind this famous filmmaking technique?The Hitchcock Shot (technically the Dolly Zoom), originated in Vertigo. It was the culmination of smoother zoom lens technology and the creativity of Hitchcock and his second unit DP Irmin Roberts. It’s tricky to pull off, even with the right equipment, but the visual and psychological effect are well worth the effort.So how does this shot work, and what makes it so powerful?last_img read more


Tension in Gorakhpur

first_imgTension prevailed on Monday morning in the Padri Bazaar area here when at least 12 idols were found broken and scattered on the ground, police said. The idols belonged to Natveer Baba temple and other roadside shrines, they said. Top police officers reached the spot and controlled the situation.last_img


Air Force shoots down UP

first_imgSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Immediately, top Jet Spiker Iari Yongco dedicated their second win in three games to their colleagues fighting in Marawi for more than a month now.“We dedicate it to the soldiers in Marawi, we want to show them that we can also fight like them but through volleyball,” said the 6-foot Yongco, who holds the rank of Air Woman First Class.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsThe Lady Maroons were on even terms in the first frame and had a set point ahead of the Jet Spikers, 25-24, after racing from a 22-24 deficit.But UP soon fell in a rash of errors, including two successive by main gunner Isa Molde. LATEST STORIES Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Arellano kicks off home-and-away format, hosts dangerous San Sebastian Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Riveracenter_img El Nido residents told to vacate beach homes Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend “I admire them (Lady Maroons), they played good defense and often when we thought we killed the ball, they kept the ball alive,” said Yongco in Filipino.Yongco finished with 15 points, while getting a lot of help from Jocemer Tapic, Mary Ann Pantino and Joy Cases, who accounted for 12, 11 and 10 points, respectively.Diane Carlos wound up with 18 points, while Molde had 15 for UP, which absorbed its third defeat in as many games.The Jet Spikers imposed themselves with 41 attack points against 38 by the Lady Maroons through brilliant setting from veteran Wendy Semana. But it was in defense that Air Force dominated by coming up with 10 kill-blocks compared to three by UP.In the second game, Adamson hacked out a breakthrough win at the expense of Power Smashers, 25-20, 24-26, 25-19, 25-22. It was the Lady Falcons’ first in three matches. The Power Smashers fell to 0-3.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Philippine Air Force encountered a brief turbulence in the first set before cruising to a 29-27, 25-16, 25-22 victory over University of the Philippines Wednesday in the Premier Volleyball League Open Conference at Filoil Flying V Centre.ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more


Atromitos Sets PAOK Back, 1-0

first_imgAtromitos handed Thessaloniki’s PAOK’s a 1-0 loss in the Greek Super League soccer play on June 4, leaving the battle for second in tourney play undecided.Atromitos, which plays in the Athens neighborhood of Peristeri, climbed into second a point ahead of PAOK, which suffered its third straight defeat. A goal by Tasos Karamanos at the end of the first half held up.In the day’s other game, Panathinaikos and Asteras Tripolis drew 0-0. Stathis Tavlaridis left Panathinaikos with 10 men in injury time, trying to get a red card and a one-game suspension instead of bigger penalties because he has racked up so many yellow cards this season.Panathinaikos has 15 points, Asteras is second with seven, Atromitos is on five and PAOK is last with four.In the final round of games on June 8 Atromitos hosts Panathinaikos and Asteras plays PAOK where the winner will get second in the playoffs..TweetPinShare0 Shareslast_img read more


Plenty of hope for APOEL despite defeat

first_imgSource: cyprus-mail.comTweetPinShare0 Shares An inspired second-half display against Rosenborg leaves APOEL with a decent chance of reaching the Champions League playoff round, despite a 2-1 defeat in Norway on Wednesday night.The Nicosia club’s future in Europe looked in serious doubt at the break but Giorgos Efrem’s volley provides plenty of hope for the second leg in Nicosia next week.The opening 20 minutes were scrappy, with APOEL committing numerous fouls which served their purpose as they looked to frustrate and slow down their opponents.But one quick free-kick caught the APOEL rearguard unaware, as a low cross from the left found Christian Gytkjaer all alone in the six-yard box, and he had the simple task of slotting it home for the opener.Just a minute later, the hosts nearly doubled their lead as a through pass split the APOEL defence and set Helland clear only for the outstretched toe of Boy Waterman to deny a second.Rosenborg piled on the pressure as Yann-Erik de Lanlay’s effort was parried out to the feet of Mike Jensen who then smashed the ball towards goal only for Carlao to clear off the line.APOEL looked to have weathered the storm, but on the stroke of half-time, Midtsjoe slithered past two before teeing up Skjelvik who then lashed the ball into the roof of the net with the last kick of the opening period.Thomas Christiansen made two attacking changes either side of the hour mark, with Andrea Orlandi and Efrem coming on for Kostakis Artyamatas and Vander, which saw APOEL finally manage to get higher up the pitch.APOEL chances were few and far between but it only took one to have a massive impact on the game, and possibly the tie.Coming straight into the line-up after re-signing for the club on loan, Giannis Gianniotas took on his full-back before crossing into the box which, via a failed clearance, looped into the path of Efrem. The Cypriot forward connected sweetly on the volley and the ball flew under the keeper to give APOEL a vital away goal.It was APOEL who looked the likelier of the two to get the next goal, and the leveller so nearly came in the 90th minute as Efrem unselfishly squared the ball to De Camargo, but the debutant could not get his toe on the end of it with the goal gaping.Nevertheless, the 2-1 scoreline is a positive one for the Cypriots, especially after looking dead and buried in the first half.Results from the Champions League Qualifying Round 3 first leg matches on Wednesday:FC Astra (Romania) – FC Copenhagen (Denmark) 1-1Rosenborg Trondheim (Norway) – APOEL Nicosia (Cyprus) 2-1FC Astana (Kazakhstan) – Celtic (Scotland) 1-1Tuesday, July 26, first leg: Ajax Amsterdam (Netherlands) – PAOK Salonika (Greece) 1-1Dinamo Zagreb (Croatia) – Dynamo Tbilisi (Georgia) 2-0Shakhtar Donetsk (Ukraine) – Young Boys (Switzerland) 2-0Rostov (Russia) – Anderlecht (Belgium) 2-2Partizani (Albania) – Salzburg (Austria) 0-1Viktoria Plzen (Czech Republic) – Qarabag Agdam (Azerbaijan) 0-0BATE Borisov (Belarus) – Dundalk (Ireland) 1-0Ludogorets (Bulgaria) – Red Star Belgrade (Serbia) 2-2Sparta Prague (Czech Republic) – Steaua Bucharest (Romania) 1-1last_img read more



FA holds talks to sell Wembley to Fulham owner Khan in £900m deal

first_imgThe Football Association is poised to sell Wembley stadium to the billionaire owner of Fulham football club in an extraordinary deal worth almost £900m.Shahid Khan, who also owns the Jacksonville Jaguars American football team, has made an offer of a £600m lump sum and the FA would additionally be allowed to retain the revenue generated by Club Wembley, its debenture and hospitality business valued at around £300m. The Wembley arch lights up in rainbow colours in support of the Stonewall Rainbow Laces campaign earlier this season. Photograph: Tottenham Hotspur FC via Getty Images Read more A sale could scupper plans Chelsea have to redevelop their Stamford Bridge home. Their project involves knocking down the ground and the hotels and other buildings on the site, a redevelopment which would force them to to find a temporary home for at least three seasons.The club had looked at a number of temporary homes but it seems increasingly unlikely Wembley would be an option. They have also considered renting Twickenham but the Rugby Football Union dismissed that possibility on Thursday.Steve Brown, the RFU’s chief executive, said: “We are committed to rugby here – big and small – and the NFL. At the moment we don’t have any plans for football at all. We have an arrangement and an agreement with the local authority that we will stick to the sports I have mentioned. Football isn’t on our radar for this stadium.”The Labour shadow sports minister, Rosena Allin-Khan, urged the FA to be cautious about selling immediately. “Wembley stadium is an iconic sporting and cultural asset recognised around the globe,” she said. “Whilst there are obvious benefits of England teams playing across the nation, the FA should not rush into any deal to sell the stadium. Any deal must guarantee that England continue to play at Wembley as well as around the country; that major tournaments, cup finals and play-offs for multiple sports are still held at Wembley; and that ticket prices for England games are frozen for 10 years. The FA needs to guarantee that profits of the sale will be put into grassroots football to ensure that future generations will benefit.”Khan, in addition to his plans for Wembley, has committed to spending £100m to redevelop Fulham’s stadium. Hammersmith & Fulham council has approved a £100m redevelopment of the Riverside Stand at Craven Cottage, with work due to begin next year. Topics Share on Twitter Pinterest FA’s proposed sale of Wembley to Shahid Khan is a sign of the times Some fans expressed concerns about the stadium being privately owned and the possibility of a renaming including an American brand.Khan stressed that Wembley would continue to be the main home of the England football team and that the “Wembley” part of the name would remain, with the possibility of a sponsor being added. But the deal would send the national team on the road for any internationals between September and December if the Jacksonville Jaguars, usually based in Florida, take up residency for the full regular season. Sign up for The Fiver, our daily football email. ‘If you sell Wembley, then you sell Big Ben? And Buckingham Palace?’ – video Wembley at 10: iconic venue and national symbol but is it good value? 1:24 Share on Pinterest Share on Messenger Facebook Read more The FA The proposed deal has been in the pipeline for more than 12 months after Khan met the FA chief executive, Martin Glenn, at the Superbowl in February last year, and it was presented to the FA board on Thursday. They are on the brink of accepting, pending due diligence and the approval of the public bodies who contributed to the stadium’s iconic redesign. Khan told the Guardian he hoped the deal would be completed in two to three months.The Department of Culture Media and Sport, Sport England and the Greater London Authority combined to contribute £161m to the construction of the £757m stadium in north London, which reopened in 2007.It is understood the governing body would plough the profits from the deal into grassroots football, particularly increasing the numbers of pitches and their functionality. It has an outstanding debt of £140m on Wembley to pay off. An extra £460m would hypothetically pay for more than 1,000 new pitches and allow for improved facilities countrywide, including floodlights and better drainage.However Downing Street sounded a note of caution about the sale, saying the FA should consult fans.“Wembley is a historic place in English football, it holds a very special place in the heart of fans up and down the country and I’m sure the FA will want to strongly consider the views of these supporters before deciding what to do next,” the prime minister’s spokesman said. Real estate Share on Facebook Play Video Football politics Commercial property Twitter Share via Email Wembley stadium Khan, who is estimated to have amassed a £5.2bn fortune from a car parts business, told the Guardian he envisaged making upgrades to the stadium. “I love Wembley as a stadium, as an institution,” he said. “I think it’s under-utilised. The legacy of Wembley as the temple of English football is important. We want it to stay that way and to also have other events including NFL games. I think it needs investment and updating. Compared to American stadiums the video boards are something that need to be looked at. The lounges are a little bit dated. There are some standard issues that have to be dealt with.” Share on LinkedIn Business (Football) “But the name of Wembley will stay,” he added. “That is, to me, holy.”Khan already has an agreement whereby one Jaguars game each season is held at Wembley and he insisted that initially it would be only two games per season in London. Sources close to Khan also insisted that the FA Cup final, the English Football League play-off finals and Rugby League’s Challenge Cup final would remain at Wembley.The FA believes England fans would welcome more internationals being played in other parts of the country, with one of the warm-up matches for this summer’s World Cup being held in Leeds. Khan did not rule out bidding for Wembley to host the Superbowl. “I think Wembley is in a league of its own,” he said. “It’s not a stadium that is identified with one particular team or one particular event.” Share on WhatsApp Reuse this contentlast_img read more


Dua Lipa responds to Asensio hook-up rumours

first_imgReal Madrid Dua Lipa denies Asensio relationship following Champions League final Goal Last updated 1 year ago 02:09 5/30/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(8) Dua Lipa Getty Images Real Madrid UEFA Champions League Primera División WTF The singer has insisted that she is not hooking up with the Real Madrid midfielder, claiming that they have never even met Superstar songwriter and singer Dua Lipa has denied that she is in a relationship with Real Madrid attacker Marco Asensio.Reports in Turkey, relayed in Spain, suggested that the pair had spent some time together following the Champions League final on May 26, at which the pop star took part in the opening ceremony. Lipa has moved to quash rumours of a budding romance on her social media, however, claiming that she’s never even met the Spain international. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Sorry, Cristiano! Pjanic is Juventus’ most important player right now I haven’t even met Marco Asensio and it is highly unlikely I ever will as my Liverpool supporting manager would never forgive me https://t.co/eajwTsm6pe— DUA LIPA (@DUALIPA) May 29, 2018″I haven’t even met Marco Asensio and it is highly unlikely I ever will as my Liverpool supporting manager would never forgive me,” her Twitter status reads.Asensio played just one minute of the final in Kiev, replacing Karim Benzema in the closing stages as Real looked to see out the tie.The 3-1 victory over Liverpool sealed the capital club’s third successive European triumph and their 13th in their history .last_img read more


Musique Royale Back at Highland Village

first_imgThe Musique Royale concert series returns to the Highland Village Museum for the second time this summer, on Wednesday, Aug. 9. The summertime festival, showcasing Nova Scotia’s musical heritage in settings with historical significance, features early and traditional music performed by local, national, and international artists. The Petric-Forget Duo will entertain the audience with classical and baroque sounds. The concert features accordion virtuoso Joseph Petric and oboist Norman Forget who will perform works by J.S. Bach, Soler, Rameau, Telemann, and Mozart. The concert will take place in the historical Malagawatch Church, Iona, at 7 p.m. Tickets can be purchased from the Highland Village Museum gift shop. Adult admission is $15 and student admission $5. The Highland Village Museum/An Clachan Gàidhealach is located in Iona, Victoria Co., overlooking the Bras d’Or Lakes. It is a part of the Nova Scotia Museum family. For more information on this event or other Highland Village programs, call 902-725-2272, or e-mail highlandvillage@gov.ns.ca .last_img read more


Most actively traded companies on the TSX

first_imgSome of the most active companies traded Monday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (15,012.65 up 1.92 points).Bombardier Inc. (TSX:BBD.B). Down 16 cents, or 6.67 per cent, to $2.24 on 27.1 million shares.Aurora Cannabis Inc. (TSX:ACB). Health care. Down 49 cents, or 6.13 per cent, to $7.51 on 9.8 million shares.Manulife Financial Corp. (TSX:MFC). Financials. Up 32 cents, or 1.48 per cent, to $22 on 9.1 million shares.Capstone Mining Corp. (TSX:CS) Metals. Up nine cents, or 15 per cent, to 69 cents on 5.8 million shares. Crescent Point Energy Corp. (TSX:CPG). Energy. Up two cents, or 0.46 per cent, to $4.38 on 4.9 million shares.Nevsun Resources Ltd. (TSX:NSU). Metals. Up two cents, or 0.34 per cent, to $5.97 on 4.7 million shares.Companies reporting major news:Air Canada (TSX:AC).Up $1.24 or 4.7 per cent to $27.41. The airline has signed a definitive agreement to buy the Aeroplan loyalty program from Aimia Inc. for $450 million in cash. Under the deal, Air Canada will also assume $1.9 billion of Aeroplan miles liability in a definitive agreement that follows the announcement in August of a tentative sale. Air Canada said it has also signed agreements with Toronto–Dominion Bank Bank, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, and Visa that will see them stay on with the Aeroplan loyalty program until at least 2030.Second Cup Ltd. (TSX:SCU). Down 11 cents or 4.6 per cent to $2.30. A group of Second Cup Ltd. franchisees is each suing the struggling Canadian coffee chain for $300,000, alleging the company’s actions have been detrimental to them. The current and past franchisees outline a long list of complaints against their franchisor in a lawsuit filed earlier this month in the Superior Court of Quebec. The company allegedly misused a franchisee-funded advertising reserve, it said. Franchisees must pay the equivalent of two to three per cent of their sales to the ad fund.Shopify Inc. (TSX:SHOP). Up $13.20 or 7.4 per cent to $191.45. Shopify says it has acquired Swedish e-commerce company Tictail. Terms of the deal were not immediately available. Like Shopify, Tictail aims to bring trendy products to the marketplace by helping businesses create an online presence. Tictail was founded in 2012 by four friends, including one who wanted to create the company after he watched his mother struggle to build an online shop for her ceramics.Emera Inc. (TSX:EMA). Down 15 cents to $43.37. Emera has signed a deal to sell its three natural gas-fired power plants in New England to an affiliate of the Carlyle Group for $780 million. The Nova Scotia-based company says proceeds from the sale will be used to reduce debt and for capital investment. Emera CEO Scott Balfour says the deal, worth US$590 million, increases the company’s financial flexibility.The Canadian Presslast_img read more


Pak Defence Secretary to visit Sri Lanka

Defence Secretary Lt Gen (Retd) Asif Yasin Malik will be visiting Sri Lanka from 7-11 August 2012.During his stay in Colombo, Malik will hold discussions with Sri Lankan Defence hierarchy to further strengthen the relations between two time-tested friendly countries. During the course of the said Seminar, two Pakistani defence equipment manufacturing firms will also be exhibiting their products. The Secretary of Defence Pakistan will also address Defence Seminar 2012 being organized in Colombo by the Sri Lanka Army under the theme of “Towards Lasting Peace and Stability” from 8th to 10th August, 2012. Major General Ghulam Qamar and Brigadier Hamayun Aziz of Pakistan Army will also be attending the Defence Seminar. Since independence, Sri Lanka and Pakistan have consistently maintained close, cordial and mutually supportive relations especially in the field of defense. Both nations have assisted each other during testing times in their histories.Pakistan and Sri Lanka have comprehensive and mutually beneficial training collaboration for Army, Navy and Air Force. Over a period of time, a strong bond of commitment and mutual understanding has been reached between both the friendly armed forces. (Pakistan Today) read more


US homebuilder confidence rises in June but remains at low level amid

US homebuilder confidence rises in June but remains at low level amid sluggish sales AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email WASHINGTON – U.S. homebuilders are feeling more confident about the housing market but don’t think it is healthy yet.The National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo builder sentiment index rose to 49 in June, highest since January and up from 45 in May. Readings below 50 indicate that builders view sales conditions are poor rather than good. The index has been stuck below 50 since January. The low numbers earlier this year reflected a bitter winter that chilled economic activity across much of the U.S.But warmer weather hasn’t done much to help: Sales of new homes are running about half the rate of a healthy housing market.Still, builders are the most confident they’ve been since January about new single-family home sales over the next six months. They report seeing more potential buyers shopping for homes, though traffic remains modest.“Consumers are still hesitant, and are waiting for clear signals of full-fledged economic recovery before making a home purchase,” said David Crowe, chief economist for the homebuilders group. “Builders are reacting accordingly, and are moving cautiously in adding inventory.”New home sales rose 6.4 per cent in April to a seasonally adjusted annual pace of 433,000 from 407,000 in March. But they were down more than 4 per cent from a year earlier. In a healthy market, the annual sales rate for new homes typically runs around 900,000.Sales surged in the first half of last year but have sputtered since. Last year’s gains and a limited supply of homes pushed up prices to levels that strained the household budgets of potential buyers. The median price for an existing home was $201,700 in April, up 5.2 per cent from a year earlier.“With affordability still hugely impaired compared to last year, don’t expect a sustained revival in demand anytime soon,” Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, wrote in a research note. “And if mortgage rates rise over the summer, as we expect, housing will take another turn for the worse.”Existing home sales came in at an annual rate 4.65 million in April, up 1.3 per cent from March but down 6.8 per cent from a year earlier, according to the National Association of Realtors. In a healthy housing market, roughly 5.5 million existing homes are purchased each year.The increase in home sales over the past year has occurred primarily among homes worth more than $750,000. Buying fell during the same period for homes worth less than $250,000, which make up the majority of all purchases. by Paul Wiseman, The Associated Press Posted Jun 16, 2014 8:48 am MDT read more


Weve Had Mixed Success Predicting LeBrons Moves

Our most recent take on James was last summer, after the Heat won their second consecutive NBA championship. We looked at the odds of James catching up to Michael Jordan’s six championship wins, the most in the salary-cap era (since 1984-85). We put the odds of the Heat winning the 2014 championship at about 33 percent, with the chances getting lower each subsequent year. So given this year’s loss, James might be making a smart move with his current opt-out. But given James’s win shares, we put his odds at winning a championship — regardless of the team — at about 20 or 25 percent. We were partially right — Wade and Bosh did show solidarity in a move to Miami. But we were wrong in predicting James’s decision. In a follow-up piece, we further evaluated the merits of James joining the Heat. There was a major hit to his popularity because of the way he announced the decision and because of Miami’s relatively small fan base. We argued this could have reduced his earning potential by $150 million. We conceded that “James may able to redeem himself through athletic success,” which turned out to be the case: He made $42 million from endorsements in 2013, which dwarfs the $28 million he made in 2009 when he was with Cleveland. The world is abuzz with the news that LeBron James is opting out of his contract with the Miami Heat. There’s plenty of speculation about what this means and where he might decide to go, if anywhere, but we thought it might be interesting to take a look at our own history of guessing James’s future. Here’s a roundup of predictions that we’ve made, and how accurate they turned out to be:The last time James opted out of his contract was in 2010, when he left the Cleveland Cavaliers and signed with the Miami Heat, joining Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh there. Before he announced that decision, we analyzed his value as a player, as well as the different options available to him, and tried to determine the best route for him to take with regard to his personal brand. We decided he’d be best off trying to both win a championship and do so in a way that would be perceived as overcoming a challenge. We doubted that “forming a ‘dream team’ with Wade and Bosh in Miami would do that much for him,” so it was most likely that he would stay with Cleveland or join the Knicks, while Wade and Bosh would stick together in either Chicago or Miami. read more


FSU Under Investigation For Handling of Jameis Winston Case

Florida State’s handling of the sexual assault allegations of star quarterback Jameis Winston–and potential Title IX violations– are under investigation by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights.The investigation stems from a complaint filed with the Office for Civil Rights by the accuser in the Winston case, according to USA Today.“Our client is particularly gratified by the OCR’s decision to investigate and look for discrimination and find remedies to it,” the accuser’s lawyer, Baine Kerr, said, “because her primary goal, from the beginning, has been affecting change that will make women at Florida State safer on campus.”The accuser, a Florida State student, said she was raped by Winston in December 2012. Deadspin.com reported Thursday that school officials met with Winston in January 2013 to discuss the matter. But the school might have violated federal law by delaying its investigation and meeting with Winston, alone, despite legal advice to the contrary.No charges were filed by State Attorney Willie Meggs against Winston, the reigning Heisman Trophy winner. Winston’s accuser filed her complaint with the Office of Civil Rights in March, 16 months after she first reported the incident.The OCR tells schools that “conduct may constitute unlawful sexual harassment under Title IX even if the police do not have sufficient evidence of a criminal violation. In addition, a criminal investigation into allegations of sexual violence does not relieve the school of its duty under Title IX to resolve complaints promptly and equitably.”Failure to comply with federal Title IX laws, which cover sexual harassment and violence, can result in a school losing its federal funding.“We can confirm that we have been notified of the OCR investigation; however, due to federal and state privacy laws the university cannot comment,” Florida State spokesman Browning Brooks said in a statement.The OCR will investigate all sexual assault complaints at the university during the last three years.Winston, who won the Heisman in the week after learning he would not face charges, is currently playing for the Seminoles baseball team. He will be a sophomore for the coming football season.It is unclear if the accuser will pursue a civil case against Winston or the university. Her family accused the Tallahassee Police Department of delaying the investigation and discouraging her from going forward with the case because of the public attention it would receive. Tallahassee police have defended their handling of the case.A civil case can still be filed after the OCR investigation. Kerr confirmed a Deadspin.com report that football players Chris Casher and Ronald Darby were recently charged with violations of the school’s Code of Conduct.Both Casher and Darby told police they witnessed the sex between Winston and the accuser. Casher told police that he attempted to join, but was told to leave by the accuser. Punishments under the code include expulsion from the school. Darby is a starting cornerback on the team. read more


Municipal staff tied to migrant racket arson

first_img Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram An arson attack on the aliens’ bureau of the Municipality of Papagou and Holargos at the end of last month, and a break-in and theft of documents and hard drives earlier in May, is believed to be the work of a ring of civil servants making money through the exploitation of immigrants seeking legal status in Greece, Kathimerini understands.An inspection of the employees’ offices turned up a large number of residence permits for immigrants that had been wrongly issued, Deputy Mayor Christos Daskalopoulos told Kathimerini. The arson attempt and break-in last month were apparently an attempt to destroy some of this incriminating evidence, Daskalopoulos said.An investigation by the fire service into an arson attack on the morning of May 31 that destroyed virtually all the archives – paper and electronic – of the municipality’s aliens’ bureau indicated that the arsonists had entered the offices using a key or a skeleton key, sources said.A week before the arson attack, unidentified intruders had broken into the offices and stolen a computer hard drive which, sources told Kathimerini, contained details of immigrants’ residence permits.last_img read more


Greek teen jumps from moving train

first_img Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram A 17-year-old Greek Australian Melbourne boy, who was filmed earlier this week while jumping from a moving train for a prank, has found himself at the centre of media and police attention as his video went viral on Facebook.James Lambrou was filmed by friends jumping onto the platform at Watergardens station on Wednesday while the train was still moving at about 40 km/h. He crashed to the ground, miraculously, narrowly avoiding hitting his head on the platform.Police are investigating the incident, after they were notified when the video spread through social media, with more than 20,000 likes before it was deleted by the teenager from his Facebook page.Metro and the Rail, Tram and Bus Union have condemned the boy’s ‘idiotic behaviour’, saying it endangered other passengers as well as himself and distressed Metro staff.“I thought it was cool at that time, but now [I think it is] stupid and ridiculous. “Don’t put stupid things on Facebook as it goes viral there. I would say don’t do it because you could probably do worse than me and die,” teenager James Lambrou told media. He also said he was pressured by his friends to jump off the train.Source: The Agelast_img read more


Punish culprits responsible for death of a minor girl demands

first_imgKarimnagar: Members of All India Student Federation (AISF) and All India Youth Federation (AIYF) burnt an effigy at Telangana Chowk here on Tuesday, demanding that the government must punish the culprits, who sexually assaulted a minor girl in Pembarthi and responsible for her suicide.The members said that it’s distressing that even before public forget the incident of Srihita, a minor girl in pembarthi was sexually assaulted. Even though, there are many Acts for the protection of girls, the government is not implementing the girl protection act perfectly in the State due to which many such incidents are taking place, they alleged. Also Read – Man tied up to a tree and thrashed in Nalgonda for harassing woman Advertise With Us The government must take initiation to implement these acta perfectly in the State and must create awareness among the people to treat women and girl children with respect. They demanded that the government should hang the persons, who sexually assaulted a ninth-class minor girl of Pembarthi village of Hasanparthy mandal of Warangal Urban district and also responsible for her suicide. AISF and AIYF members K Manikanta Reddy, B Ugendar, K Santosh, N Srinivas, Nikhil, Sai, Dilip, Sunny, Suresh and Thirupathi were present along with others.last_img read more


Air India Offended CoPilot Beats Up Captain Inside Cockpit of JaipurDelhi Flight

first_imgAn “argument” between a commander and his co-pilot of Air India’s Jaipur-Delhi flight on Sunday gave some anxious moments to its passengers, as it came in the wake of the recent Germanwings plane crash, which is attributed to its co-pilot’s mental illness.While an Air India spokesman said it was just “an argument between the two and nothing more,” other sources contradicted it, saying the co-pilot actually “abused and beat up” the commander. The passengers on board flight 611 said that the co-pilot objected to something that the commander asked him to do and turned violent, just before takeoff from Jaipur airport.”The commander told his co-pilot to take down critical take off figures for the flight. This involves writing critical facts like number of passengers on board, take off weight and fuel uptake on a small paper card (trim sheet) that is displayed in front of the pilots for the entire duration of the flight. The co-pilot took offence at this and reportedly beat up the captain,” The Times of India quoted a source as saying.Yet, the commander went ahead and flew to Delhi, though the normal procedure called for reporting the incident to the concerned authorities in Jaipur, which would have led to the cancellation of the flight. The commander reportedly kept the “larger interest of the airline”. The Air India dismissed the whole  incident and said: “The two had an argument. They have settled the issue.”Incidentally, the co-pilot is said to have a record of similar tiffs in the past, according to senior Air India pilots.”Three years back, he asked the commander of a flight to come out of the cockpit, remove the stars on his shirt collar (appulates) and then fought with him. A year later, another commander complained about his ‘rude and unbecoming’ behavior in the cockpit and questioned his state of mind,” a senior commander said.But the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) said that they will not be starting a probe into the incident as the plane was parked, IBNLive reported. If the commanders’ allegations against him are true, then DGCA’s decision to not order probe may affect aviation safety.last_img read more


Entomologists discover first instance of intact neurons without nucleus in fairy wasps

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Flight Artists film smallest insect in flight More information: Arthropod Structure & Development, Volume 41, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 29-34. doi:10.1016/j.asd.2011.09.001 A cell’s nucleus is of course, usually pretty important, it’s where the DNA is generally stored after all. It’s also usually the part of the cell that runs things, like causing a replenishment of proteins to keep cells alive, etc. This of course got the researchers to wondering how an insect could survive if most of its neurons had no nucleus.The secret, the team writes, lies in the fact that the insect is so small, that neurons (with nuclei intact) that develop during the pupa stage apparently make enough protein to last the full five days of its adulthood, so, not needing them any longer, all but a few hundred of the nuclei are destroyed by bursting, making the cell smaller and saving room for other more important cells. The team notes that this is the first recorded instance of neurons existing in the wild without benefit of nuclei.The team also found that the fairy wasp has one of the smallest nervous systems around, with just 7,400 neurons, but can still fly, search for food and figure out where to lay it’s eggs; which is inside the eggs of another tiny insect, the thrips, which itself is no bigger than a millimeter in length. It manages this feat by cramming virtually all of its nervous system into just its head, hence the need for downsizing the number of neurons and reducing cell size wherever possible.The fairy wasp also has other adaptations that allow it to survive in its small state. It has a reduced wing surface for example which means wings that amount to little more than bare strands as opposed to the rather broad based flappers other larger insects sport, just enough to allow it to coast along with moving air. Citation: Entomologists discover first instance of intact neurons without nucleus – in fairy wasps (2011, December 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-entomologists-instance-intact-neurons-nucleus.htmlcenter_img © 2011 PhysOrg.com Explore further Fairy wasps are really tiny; so tiny, they can barely be seen with the naked eye. They’re so tiny that they’re the smallest organism when shown on a slide alongside an amoeba and a Paramecium. And because of this, a group of researchers from Moscow State University began wondering how a neurological system in such a tiny insect could work at all. As it turns out, as they describe in their paper published in Science Direct, the fairy wasp (M.mymaripenne), the third smallest of all insects, has a lot of neurons without any nucleus.last_img read more


The Entourage Effect How THC and Other Weed Compounds Mix

first_imgYou may have noticed that cannabis’ effects can differ wildly from experience to experience. Eat a weed brownie, for instance, and the THC goes straight to your liver, where it’s metabolized into 11-hydroxy-THC. That metabolite “has five times the activity at the CB1 receptor, the psychoactive one, as THC itself,” says Jeff Raber, CEO of the Werc Shop, a cannabis lab in California. But that’s not all. THC also interacts with other cannabinoids in your system, and it has a complicated relationship with CBD in particular. Anecdotally, cannabis users have reported that CBD can modulate the psychoactive effects of THC—think of it sort of like an antidote to the paranoia and anxiety that comes with being too high. That might be part of the reason edibles can feel so powerful: If you eat a brownie loaded with just THC, you aren’t getting the CBD you would if you smoked regular old flower. (Not that some manufacturers aren’t also adding CBD to their edibles. CBD is so hot right now, but it’s hard to find flower with high CBD. Cultivators have over the decades bred highly intoxicating, THC-rich strains at the expense of CBD.)With cannabis growing more legitimate as a medicine, researchers are finally putting hard data to these anecdotal reports. They’re beginning to understand how CBD might modulate the often unwelcome effects of THC.Consider the drug Marinol, a synthetic form of THC available since the 1980s. It’s a good appetite stimulant, but it’s also good at getting patients high and paranoid. “When you just stimulate the CB1 receptor with this pure molecule, it’s very intoxicating and patients don’t tolerate it very well,” says Adie Wilson-Poe, who researches cannabis for pain management at Washington University in St. Louis. However, give patients a drug like Sativex—which combines THC with CBD—or even pure cannabis flower or extracts, and they tolerate it much better. “We specifically see that CBD protects against the paranoia and anxiety and the racing heart that THC produces,” Wilson-Poe says.It all comes back to the psychoactive CB1 receptor. THC is an agonist that fits nicely into CB1, activating it. “CBD can’t do that at the CB1, but it does sort of sit in the pocket,” says Wilson-Poe. “It can compete with THC for the spot in the receptor.” Which means that if you take CBD with THC, there may be fewer receptors available for the THC to activate, thus modulating the psychoactive effects, like paranoia.“But that’s probably not the whole story,” Wilson-Poe says, “because CBD has at least 14 distinct mechanisms of action in the central nervous system. So it does a little bit of something at a whole bunch of places, and we probably can’t attribute the anti-paranoia or anti-anxiety effects just to CB1 occupancy.”Now let me add yet another complication to our growing list of complications: THC and CBD are far from alone in the cannabis plant when it comes to medicinal properties. Those two might be anti-inflammatory, for instance, “but if you were to vaporize a whole flower, you’d be consuming potentially a couple dozen anti-inflammatory molecules at once,” says Wilson-Poe. “In this sense I think of whole-plant cannabis as like a multivitamin for inflammation.” (Because there are so many important compounds at play, some researchers prefer the term ensemble effect over entourage effect. “Entourage” makes it sound like everything is supporting the rock star that is THC, when the reality might be more nuanced.) “We need to understand which constellations of plant chemistry are best suited for which indications and which kinds of patients, and which form of the CB1 receptor you happen to carry, because there are lots of mutations in that gene,” says Wilson-Poe. “So understanding these mechanisms is absolutely crucial for providing these patients with personalized medicine that alleviates their symptoms without producing the unwanted side effects.”Hate to do this, but we’ve got one last problem. For decades, cannabis users have claimed that different strains of cannabis produce different effects—maybe it makes them sleepy, maybe it gives them energy. And that’s been true even as CBD was largely bred out of cannabis in North America in favor of THC. “Well, if they’re all high THC, it’s got to be from something else,” says Ethan Russo, director of research and development at the International Cannabis and Cannabinoids Institute, who studies the entourage effect. “And that something else is terpenoids.”Yes, another member of the entourage. Unlike THC and CBD, you can find terpenoids not just in cannabis, but across the plant kingdom. They’re handy little molecules that plants use to ward off insects, and they’re what give cannabis that characteristic smell (same for terpenoids in lemons and pine needles).And science knows what some terpenoids found in cannabis do pharmacologically in the brain. For example, linalool is one that has sedating and anti-anxiety properties. “So it might make sense that when you combine its anti-anxiety effect with that of cannabidiol [CBD], then they boost each other,” says Russo.The entourage effect, the ensemble effect—whatever you want to call it, the phenomenon might get more complicated before it gets clearer. But researchers continue to tease apart the chemistry of cannabis, unlocking its true potential as a medicine. Mystery … almost solved. Today, cannabis continues its slow march toward nationwide decriminalization with voters deciding whether to allow recreational use in Michigan and North Dakota, and for medical purposes in Utah and Missouri. As states keep chipping away at federal prohibition, more consumers will gain access, sure—but so will more researchers who can more easily study this astonishingly complex and still mysterious plant.At the top of the list of mysteries is how a galaxy of compounds in the plant combine to produce a galaxy of medical (and, of course, recreational) effects. For example, THC feels different when combined it with cannabidiol, or CBD, another naturally occurring compound in cannabis, but the reasons aren’t fully known. It’s called the entourage effect: THC, like a rock star, only reaches its full potential when it rolls with a crew, consisting of hundreds of other compounds in the plant that scientists know about so far.But the problem with researching a schedule I drug is that the government doesn’t want you to do it. Yet as more states go legal, cannabis continues to climb out of the scientific dark ages. Because it’s not just about giving people a comfortable high, but about developing cannabis into drugs that could treat a massive range of ills.First, some cannabis basics. THC and CBD are cannabinoids, which means they bind to receptors in the human body’s endocannabinoid system, specifically the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Researchers only discovered the endocannabinoid system in the early 1990s, but it appears to regulate things like mood and immune function. There might also be medical applications when you don’t want the entourage effect at work. One of THC’s more famous treatments, for instance, is for lowering eye pressure to treat glaucoma. “We found that it works, and THC does a nice job,” says Indiana University, Bloomington researcher Alex Straiker, who studies cannabinoids. “But it’s actually blocked by CBD. People often think, oh yeah, CBD and THC work together. But in terms of CB1 receptor signaling, they actually oppose each other, or at least CBD opposes THC.” That’s not to say, though, that CBD isn’t having some sort of beneficial effect on its own when it comes to treating glaucoma. Plus, there are many other kinds of receptors in the endocannabinoid system that these compounds could be targeting. “It’s messy,” Straiker says.So while CBD seems to mitigate the unfun effects of THC, it also might get in the way of certain medical benefits that THC has to offer. But because there’s seemingly no end to the complexities of cannabis, CBD might also enhance THC’s anti-cancer properties. Research has found that if you apply THC and CBD to cancer cells in the lab, the combination is more effective than THC alone at both inhibiting the growth of those cells and outright killing them. The future of medical cannabis, then, depends in large part on teasing apart the entourage effect—leveraging it in some cases, and maybe breaking up the entourage (or ensemble) when THC or CBD alone is most beneficial. That’s why it’s so easy to overdo it with edibles. When you smoke cannabis, the THC at first skips the liver and goes straight to your bloodstream. It’s about five times less potent that way than if you eat cannabis, meaning that chowing down on 10 milligrams of THC is roughly equal to smoking 50 milligrams of the stuff.Mode of ingestion, then, is a big consideration in the cannabis experience. But so too are factors beyond your control. “We’re pretty aware that the endocannabinoid system is not a static picture throughout the day,” says Raber. “Why it changes, what causes those changes—those are other levels of complicated questions.” Cannabis might hit you differently during the day than at night, and can also depend on your mood or whether you’ve eaten. More Great WIRED StoriesAn aging marathoner tries to run fast after 40Inside the cafés where people go to talk about dyingHow to get iOS 12.1 (and those new emoji) on your iPhoneYour poop is probably full of plasticJeff Bezos wants us all to leave Earth—for goodLooking for more? Sign up for our daily newsletter and never miss our latest and greatest storieslast_img read more